Æ Intoxication: The Universal Drive for Mind-altering Substances ñ Download by Å Ronald K. Siegel

Æ Intoxication: The Universal Drive for Mind-altering Substances ñ Download by Å Ronald K. Siegel Boy, howdy, this was an eye opener Siegel first describes intoxicant seeking behaviour in animals, from slugs to elephants, chickens, monkeys, wrens, dogs, ad nauseum well, I assume they were feeling sick after all that, I do Then he describes his human research subjects, including the pot grower who only eats tomatoes Wrapping up is a detailed description of our presidents intoxicant use Oh, yes they did.
A Scientific And Cultural Exploration Of The Pursuit Of Altered States Of Consciousness In Both Humans And Animals Contains Myriad Studies And Examples From The Author S Years Of Research By The Foremost Authority On The Social And Psychological Effects Of Drug UseHistory Shows That People Have Always Used Intoxicants In Every Age, In Every Part Of The World, People Have Pursued Intoxication With Plants, Alcohol, And Other Mind Altering Substances In Fact, This Behavior Has So Much Force And Persistence That It Functions Much Like Our Drives For Food, Sleep, And Sex This Fourth Drive, Says Psychopharmacologist Ronald K Siegel, Is A Natural Part Of Our Biology, Creating The Irrepressible Demand For Intoxicating SubstancesIn Intoxication Siegel Draws Upon His Years Of Groundbreaking Research To Provide Countless Examples Of The Intoxication Urge In Humans, Animals, And Even Insects The Detailed Observations Of His So Called Psychonauts Study Participants Trained To Explicitly Describe Their Drug Experiences As Well As Numerous Studies With Animals Have Helped Him To Identify The Behavior Patterns Induced By Different Intoxicants Presenting His Conclusions On The Biological As Well As Cultural Reasons For The Pursuit Of Intoxication And Showing That Personality And Guidance Often Define The Outcome Of A Drug Experience, Siegel Offers A Broad Understanding Of The Intoxication Phenomenon As Well As Recommendations For Curbing The Negative Aspects Of Drug Use In Western Culture By Designing Safe Intoxicants Eye opening review of studies on the effects and drive for intoxication across animals, how some groups are able to maintain long term use at a healthy level, and a historical overview of drug use in AmericaI was especially surprised by the extensive studies that have already been done and can t be done any because of ethical concerns on animals and the historical popularity of opium and cocaine in the US I would love to be able to say that this book is a broad survey of psychoactive drugs and the impact on those who use them I would love to be able to say that it is packed full of information, and that such an expansive work has given me a new perspective on the relationship of mind altering chemicals with our culture, even our species.
And while I am tempted to say those things, I am afraid that the strongest thing I took away from this book was that I cannot trust it.
It was fairly early in the book that I started to get the nagging feeling that many of the stories had a sensationalist, anecdotal twinge However, given the frequent references to studies, many of which were undertaken by the author himself, I withheld judgment But it was not long though before the book ventured into territory I am familiar with and my nagging suspicions were confirmed Many of the accounts see Boy, howdy, this was an eye opener Siegel first describes intoxicant seeking behaviour in animals, from slugs to elephants, chickens, monkeys, wrens, dogs, ad nauseum well, I assume they were feeling sick after all that, I do Then he describes his human research subjects, including the pot grower who only eats tomatoes Wrapping up is a detailed description of our presidents intoxicant use Oh, yes they did.
This book provides a very interesting perspective on the idea that humans have a fourth natural drive for altered states of mind and intoxication I think most of the research in the book was very interesting and provided a lot of knowledge I didn t already have about cultural uses of drugs, some possible alternatives for drugs like cocaine and heroin in terms of effects but with lowered risks, and how addiction occurs with animals just like it does with humans For the places it stuck to science, this book was incredible.
However, it does seem that the author has gone rather out on a limb with the conclusions he draws from the research he has been exposed to I do agree that further research is essential and that through it we could possib This book provides a very interesting perspective on the idea that humans have a fourth natural drive for altered states of mind and intoxication I think most of the research in the book was very interesting and provided a lot of knowledge I didn t already have about cultural uses of drugs, some possible alternatives for drugs like cocaine and heroin in terms of effects but with lowered risks, and how addiction occurs with animals just like it does with humans For the places it stuck to science, this book was incredible.
However, it does seem that the author has gone rather out on a limb with the conclusions he draws from the research he has been exposed to I do agree that further research is essential and that through it we could possib Fun book mostly not harmed by its age Though it didn t have as much broad theory about intoxication as I d hoped, and the policy section does feel a little dated, it had a lot of information about how intoxicants work in natural environments across the world, plus What happens if you give fish LSD type experiments.
Siegel is a behavioral scientist who has spent decades studying the effects of intoxicating plants on animals in the wild, both by observing animals natural use of intoxicants in the wild and by creating artificial opportunities for intoxication both in the wild and in the laboratory Much of the book is devoted to studying the effects, how use is controlled, when it occurs, what happens when animals become addicts, etc There were points when his tactics angered me, because he destroyed the lives of some animals in his studies But the point of the book was to probe the question of how we, as a society, should address the use of drugs He goes into great detail about why the war on drugs is ineffective, why legalization is not the best answer I want to like it and I want to believe, but he s way too focused on Christianity and the literal garden of Eden and then he tried to tell me that dinosaurs died out because they ate too much acid Evolution s slow crawl out of Eden what is this man on about I want to enjoy and believe all the stories about animals getting high for fun, but now I think he s a crackpot He even admits we can t tell for sure if animals are hallucinating then proceeds to tell me what kind of bugs monkeys think they are catching out of the air when they trip The book is interesting to read, but is written so familiarly and for lay people that between that and the Bible references, it just doesn t come across as science andjust some old guy reminiscing about giving animals drugs and watching what happens There are nuggets of information but I had to take everything with a grain o Ronald K Siegel is not as famous as Oliver Sacks, but they re very similar Both are research psychologists who write popular books on the quirks of human behavior and perception But while Dr Sacks has written on a wide variety of topics, including his most recent Hallucinations, Dr Siegel s main specialty is hallucinations His two later books are Fire in the Brain, which is all about hallucinations, drug induced and from other causes, and Whispers, which is about paranoia, again, drug induced and from other causes Intoxication is his first book, and as you can guess by the title, it is all about drugs.
Dr Siegel s thesis is that the drive for drugs is as strong as the drives for food, drink, and procreation He calls it the fourth drive, and sets out to prove that it is as prevalent among animals as it is amongst humans Part I of the book is devoted entirely to drug use in the a SOCIAL SCIENCE DRUGS Reading Intoxication one becomes conscious of the many different aspects of the drug problem, of the usefulness and dangers of psychoactive substances, and of their role and importance in medicine, in religious rituals, and in daily life ImpressivefascinatingALBERT HOFMANN, PH.
D.
, author of LSD My Problem Child and coauthor of Plants of the Gods Compellingfact packed The author carefully surrounds any potential pro drug interpretation with ample and graphic examples of the dangers of drug abuse thought provoking BOOKLIST History shows that people have always used intoxicants In every age, in every part of the world, people have pursued intoxication with plants, alcohol, and other mind altering substances In fact, this behavior has so much force and persistence that it functions much like our drives for food, sleep, and sex This fourth drive, says psy This is a really interesting book The author makes the argument that following the human drive for food, sleep, and sex, intoxication is the fourth drive He has spent his career studying intoxication, and provides a ton of example of how animals e.
g.
, birds, elephants and insects seek out intoxicating substances Some of the descriptions of his in the field observations are fascinating and funny Good read, and I learned a lot.
Eye opening review of studies on the effects and drive for intoxication across animals, how some groups are able to maintain long term use at a healthy level, and a historical overview of drug use in AmericaI was especially surprised by the extensive studies that have already been done and can t be done any because of ethical concerns on animals and the historical popularity of opium and cocaine in the US

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